Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

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2016 | May-August | Volume 1 | Issue 1

EDITORIAL

ML Swarankar

Message

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jmgumst-1-1-V  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Pallavi Goyal, Sinni Jain, Rakesh Jangra

Patch Test Results in Patients with Suspected Contact Dermatitis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in a Semiurban Area in Rajasthan: A Cross-sectional Study

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:1 - 4]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0001  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Goyal P, Nijhawan M, Agrawal S, Jain S, Jangra R. Patch Test Results in Patients with Suspected Contact Dermatitis at a Tertiary Care Hospital in a Semiurban Area in Rajasthan: A Cross-sectional Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):1-4.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rajaat Vohra, Siddharth Pramod Dubhashi, Bhoopendra Nath Sharma, GN Saxena, Anusha Vohra

Cognition, Comprehension and Application of Biostatistics in Research by Postgraduate Medical Students of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: Pretest and Posttest Study Design

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:5 - 9]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0002  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

Biostatistics plays a key role in planning, conduct, analysis and reporting of a research. Teaching biostatistics and research methodology is often considered as a difficult task to medical students. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cognition, comprehension and application of biostatistics in research in the 1st year postgraduate medical students.

Materials and methods

A predesigned and pretested questionnaire was used to collect data regarding knowledge and application of biostatistics from 65 postgraduate students registered. A series of 10 lectures were taken on various topics of biostatistics and research methodology. All students were subjected to Multiple Choice Questions covering all the topics before the 1st lecture and after the 10th lecture. Mean knowledge score was calculated and data were analyzed.

Results

Only 16.92% students had publication, 35.38% students have presented a paper/poster in any national or international conference while only 10.76% students have participated in any research methodology workshop. A total of 63.07% students said that they were aware of importance of biostatistics in research, 50.76% students said that they were having some knowledge of biostatistics. A total of 60% students have consulted statistician regarding the study while 23.07% students have attempted statistical analysis on their own. A total of 33.84% students are familiar with the use of MS-EXCEL spreadsheet. There was statistically significant improvement seen in the mean knowledge score of the students after the lectures in comparison to the mean knowledge score before the lectures.

Conclusion

Considering the fruitful outcome of structured training program in biostatistics, there is a need for provision of formal training in biostatistics to postgraduate students in all medical colleges. Capacity building initiative in this domain is the need of the hour.

How to cite this article

Vohra R, Dubhashi SP, Sharma BN, Saxena GN, Vohra A. Cognition, Comprehension and Application of Biostatistics in Research by Postgraduate Medical Students of a Tertiary care Teaching Hospital: Pretest and Posttest Study Design. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):5-9.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Manvi Jindal, ML Swarankar

Comparison of Implantation Rates in Ultrasound-guided vs Clinical Touch Embryo Transfer

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:10 - 14]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0003  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Aims

The present study was conducted in the fertility unit of a medical college to compare the implantation rate of embryo in ultrasound-guided vs clinical touch method of embryo transfer. Today, approximately 80% of women undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) will reach the embryo transfer stage with good quality embryos. Traditionally, the ‘clinical touch’ method has been used to guide placement of the embryo transfer. The use of ultrasound to guide embryo transfer would allow accurate and atraumatic positioning of the catheter tip near the uterine fundus.

Materials and methods

A prospective study was conducted at fertility center of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital. A total 100 patients requiring IVF, from a period of July 2011—July 2013 were taken into the study. A total of 50 patients were subjected to USG-guided embryo transfer and 50 patients were subjected to clinical touch embryo transfer. Detailed patient history, clinical examination, relevant investigation and details of procedure were entered in a prestructured proforma. The data were entered and analyzed in Microsoft Office Excel.

Results

There was a significant improvement in the implantation rates in the USG-guided group (31.9%) as compared to clinical touch group (24.3%). There was also a significant improvement in the pregnancy rates in the USG-guided group (40%) as compared to the clinical touch group (28%). Compared with the traditional clinical touch method, the abdominal ultrasound-guided embryo transfer was found to have a number of advantages.

How to cite this article

Jindal M, Swarankar ML, Garg S, Sharma U. Comparison of Implantation Rates in Ultrasound- guided vs Clinical Touch Embryo Transfer. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):10-14.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rudraksh Gupta, Sanyukta Gupta, Hemant Kumar Mishra

Diagnostic Correlation of Findings of Multidetector Computed Tomography and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Lung Masses

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:15 - 19]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0004  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Introduction

The multidetector computed tomography helps to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions.

Materials and methods

In the present study, 50 patients with the lung masses underwent computed tomography (CT) of chest followed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) these patients referred from medical and chest out patient department (OPD) and indoor patient department (IPD).

Results

A total of 36% in males and 10% in female patients belong to 61 to 80 years and 41 to 60 years respectively male to female ratio 2.8:1. The smoking has approximate 36% association with 35% in males and 1% females. In malignant group, 32% were squamous cell carcinoma followed by adenocarcinoma (18%), metastases (16%) poorly differentiated carcinomas (12%) small cell carcinoma (6%) and large cell carcinoma (2%).

Conclusion

The study concludes that combination of CT and CT-guided FNAC give the final diagnosis of the lesion with extension of lesion.

How to cite this article

Gupta R, Gupta S, Mishra HK. Diagnostic Correlation of Findings of Multidetector Computed Tomography and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology in Lung Masses. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):15-19.

CASE REPORT

Nitin Trivedi, Munish Kumar Kakkar, Divya Bohra, Jitendra Gupta, Yashu Saini

Sleep Patterns of Urban and Rural School-going Adolescents

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:20 - 23]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0005  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

To analyze the variance in sleep habits of adolescents (10—18 years) in urban and rural Rajasthan. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Setting: Community based school survey in an urban and a rural setting.

Subjects: School-going adolescents 10 to 18 years.

Materials and methods

A total of 565 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were included. The questionnaire contained questions related to sleep habits. Each question was explained to the participants and their responses were noted. Outcome parameters were total sleep time.

Results

Out of 585 adolescents, 285 were residing in urban areas while 280 from rural areas. Total 43.3% adolescent were using bedroom for sleep only without any significant difference in rural and urban area. Alcohol consumption was seen in urban area only (n = 6) and mainly by 10 to 15 year age group. Urban adolescents on week days spend 7.15 hours of sleep while on week ends they spend 9.2 hours while In rural area week days sleep was 6.34 hours while at week ends it was 6.64 hours. So surprisingly sleep deprivation was more in rural area and there was not much variation in total sleep time in rural area on weekdays or weekend.

How to cite this article

Kakkar MK, Bohra D, Trivedi N, Gupta J, Saini Y. Sleep Patterns of Urban and Rural School- going Adolescents. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):20-23.

CASE REPORT

Shakun Kanjani

Bilateral Hypodontia of Mandibular Second Premolars and Lateral Incisors in a Nonsyndromic Patient: A Rare Case Report

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:24 - 26]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0006  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Agarwal N, Chaturvedy S, Marwah N, Mishra P, Kanjani S. Bilateral Hypodontia of Mandibular Second Premolars and Lateral Incisors in a Nonsyndromic Patient: A Rare Case Report. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):24-26.

CASE REPORT

Vaishali Jamdade, Amit

Nasolabial Flap in the Management of Oral Submucous Fibrosis

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:27 - 29]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0007  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Jamdade V, Sharma S, Chitlangia P, Amit. Nasolabial Flap in the Management of Oral Submucous Fibrosis. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):27-29.

CASE REPORT

Prachi Mittal, Amit, , Purav Mehta, Deeksha Khurana

Hemisection: A Savior for Hopeless Teeth

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:5] [Pages No:30 - 34]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0008  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Mittal P, Prasad AB, Raisingani D, Amit, Mehta P, Soni D, Khurana D. Hemisection: A Savior for Hopeless Teeth. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):30-34.

CASE REPORT

Avneet Kaur, Devendra Pal Singh Chhonkar, Aditi Sarawgi

Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge

[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1] [Number:1] [Pages:4] [Pages No:35 - 38]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0009  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

How to cite this article

Kaur A, Padiyar N, Kaurani P, Meena S, Chhonkar DPS, Sarawgi A. Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):35-38.

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