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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2021 ) > List of Articles


To Study the Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency among Patients with Hypothyroidism

Omprakash Choudhary, Anchin Kalia, Ramkishan Jat, Deepak Gupta, Ganesh Narayan Saxena, Manjeet

Keywords : Anemia, Hypothyroidism, Macrocytosis, Vitamin B12 deficiency

Citation Information : Choudhary O, Kalia A, Jat R, Gupta D, Saxena GN, M. To Study the Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency among Patients with Hypothyroidism. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2021; 6 (1):3-4.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0154

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Background and aim: The most prevalent endocrine disorder in developing countries is related to thyroid imbalance. Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disorder with reduced production of thyroid hormones. Primary hypothyroidism is defined by TSH concentrations above the reference range and free thyroxine concentration below the reference range. We tried to ascertain the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency (<200 pg/mL) among patients with hypothyroidism. Materials and methods: A hospital-based study was done on patients of hypothyroidism fitting in inclusion and exclusion criteria attending the OPD/IPD of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Jaipur. Results: Most of the hypothyroid patients are <50 years of age; out of these, 24.5% of patients had vitamin B12 deficiency. While in the age-group >50 years, 27.3% of patients had vitamin B12 deficiency. Conclusion: Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in hypothyroid patients. Screening for vitamin B12 deficiency should be undertaken routinely in the diagnosis of hypothyroidism and regularly thereafter.

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