Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2022 ) > List of Articles


Association of Hyponatremia and Severity of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Piyush Batra, Deepak Gupta, Anchin Kalia, Yudhishther Kuntal, Naveen Yadav, Navin Chhaba, Pushpendra Chauhan, Shikha Yadav, Manjeet Meel, Pruthvi Patel, Vaishali Sharai

Keywords : Hyponatremia, Killip class, Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ST elevation myocardial infarction, Troponin-I

Citation Information : Batra P, Gupta D, Kalia A, Kuntal Y, Yadav N, Chhaba N, Chauhan P, Yadav S, Meel M, Patel P, Sharai V. Association of Hyponatremia and Severity of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2022; 7 (1):7-8.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0202

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Background and aim: ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) occurs from occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries due to abrupt disruption of blood flow which is usually due to plaque rupture, erosion, fissuring, or dissection of coronary arteries that results in an obstructing thrombus. Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disturbance that is seen frequently in clinical practice. It is also common in patients with myocardial infarction. We tried to study the association between hyponatremia and the severity of STEMI. Materials and methods: A hospital-based study was done on patients of STEMI fitting in inclusion and exclusion criteria attending the OPD/IPD of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Results: STEMI patients with hyponatremia had reduced ejection fraction as compared to nonhyponatremic patients. Conclusion: This study concluded that in STEMI patients, decreased sodium levels can be an indicator of worse prognosis as compared to patients with normal sodium levels.

PDF Share
  1. Alpert JS, Thygesen K, Antman E, et al. Myocardial Infarction redefined–a consensus document of The Joint European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology Committee for the redefinition of Myocardial Infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000; 36(3):959–969. DOI: 10.1016/s0735-1097(00)00804-4
  2. Wilson PW. Established risk factors and coronary artery disease: the Framingham Study. Am J Hypertens 1994;7(7 Pt 2):7S-12S. DOI: 10.1093/ajh/7.7.7s
  3. Canto JG, Kiefe CI, Rogers WJ, et al. Number of coronary heart disease risk factors and mortality in patients with first Myocardial Infarction. JAMA 2011;306(19):2120–2127. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2011.1654
  4. Hartikainen TS, Sörensen NA, Haller PM, et al. Clinical application of the 4th Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction. Eur Heart J 2020;41(23):2209–2216. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa035
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.