Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2019 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

A Case Report of Hydrops Fetalis with Cystic Hygroma

Piyush Kumar Agarwal, Sumit Rahi, Mool Chand Baberwal, Hemant Kumar Mishra

Keywords : Cystic hygroma, Erythroblastosis, Hydrops fetalis, Nonimmune hydrops

Citation Information : Agarwal PK, Rahi S, Baberwal MC, Mishra HK. A Case Report of Hydrops Fetalis with Cystic Hygroma. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2019; 4 (2):44-45.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0107

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 15-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Hydrops fetalis is a condition of accumulation of extracellular fluid in the body cavities. Depending on its severity, there could be involvement of fetal serous spaces, skin, placenta, and other organs. Hydrops fetalis can be of two types: immune or nonimmune. Immune hydrops fetalis is most commonly caused by erythroblastosis fetalis due to Rh isoimmunization. Nonimmune hydrops fetalis is caused by cystic hygroma, parvo virus infection, TORCH infections, congenital heart block, and structural and congenital anomalies. In earlier days, hydrops was most commonly due to Rh isoimmunization, but nowdays, with the use of Rh Immunoglobulin (Anti-D), most cases of hydrops are due to nonimmune causes. This is a case of a female with 18 weeks pregnancy with hydrops fetalis and its association with cystic hygroma and other chromosomal abnormalities.


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