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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Dengue Fever: A Sight-threatening Ailment

Sandeep Shivran, Daya C Gupta

Keywords : Macular edema, Ocular manifestations, Optic neuritis,Dengue fever

Citation Information : Shivran S, Gupta DC. Dengue Fever: A Sight-threatening Ailment. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2018; 3 (2):63-65.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0077

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-08-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in tropical and subtropical areas. In humans, it is transmitted by the infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito. In dengue fever, the symptoms range from flu-like symptoms to lethal complications, along with ocular manifestations and other positive laboratory findings. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ophthalmic manifestations allied with the dengue fever. Materials and methods: The study was carried out in 150 indoor patients diagnosed with dengue fever. All indoor patients underwent complete systemic and ophthalmic examination in Department of Ophthalmology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Results: A total of 150 patients were diagnosed with dengue fever, of which 95 (63.3%) were men and 55 (36.7%) were women. The study group ranges between 20 years and 60 years. Of the 150 patients, only 88 patients (58.7%) were having ocular manifestations. Subconjunctival hemorrhage is noted in 68 patients (45.3%). Anterior uveitis in 5 (3.3%) patients, panuveitis in 1 (0.7%) patient, retinal hemorrhages in 12 (8%) patients, macular edema in 1 (0.7%) patient, and bilateral optic neuritis in 1 (0.7%) patient. Ocular manifestations resolved in all the cases that came for followup except one case of bilateral optic neuritis. Platelet count improvement also attributed for the same. Conclusion: The inference is that the clinicians should have a heightened awareness of dengue-related ophthalmic complications and should facilitate a prompt referral for ophthalmic assessment and management, so that with early interventions, we can restore the vision.


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