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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2018 ) > List of Articles


Relationship between Human Eye and Different Divergence of Skeletal Class I Pattern: A Correlative Study

Garima Gupta, Shashank Gupta, Neha Gupta

Keywords : Divergence, Eye, Pax-6, Pax-9, Skeletal pattern

Citation Information : Gupta G, Gupta S, Gupta N. Relationship between Human Eye and Different Divergence of Skeletal Class I Pattern: A Correlative Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2018; 3 (2):54-60.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0073

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Introduction: All the systems in the body are interconnected to form a single structural unit. Scientific evaluations of potential correlations between the stomatognathic system and the eye are based on different scientific approaches. The development of the eye and the stomatognathic system begins at approximately the same time, that is, during the 3rd and 4th week of intrauterine life. Some of the recent studies have shown that the various genes and growth factors involved in the eye formation play an important role in the development of the stomatognathic system also. Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study is to correlate the normal human eye variables with the different growth patterns. Materials and methods: A total of 150 samples were selected. The sample selected for the study ranged in the age group from 18 to 24 years. Individual were subjected to radiographs (lateral cephalograms) and various eye tests. The subjects were divided into horizontal, average, and vertical growth patterns on the basis of the Go-Gn-SN angle. Results: Positive correlation was found between visual acuity and mandibular plane angle among the average growth pattern, and negative correlation was found between visual acuity and mandibular plane angle among the horizontal growth pattern. So, the present study concludes that there is a correlation between the human eye variables and the growth patterns, and thus malocclusion can be anticipated on this basis..

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