Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2018 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Relationship between Human Eye and Different Divergence of Skeletal Class I Pattern: A Correlative Study

Garima Gupta, Shashank Gupta, Neha Gupta

Keywords : Eye, Pax-6, Pax-9, Skeletal pattern,Divergence

Citation Information : Gupta G, Gupta S, Gupta N. Relationship between Human Eye and Different Divergence of Skeletal Class I Pattern: A Correlative Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2018; 3 (2):54-60.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0073

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-08-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: All the systems in the body are interconnected to form a single structural unit. Scientific evaluations of potential correlations between the stomatognathic system and the eye are based on different scientific approaches. The development of the eye and the stomatognathic system begins at approximately the same time, that is, during the 3rd and 4th week of intrauterine life. Some of the recent studies have shown that the various genes and growth factors involved in the eye formation play an important role in the development of the stomatognathic system also. Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study is to correlate the normal human eye variables with the different growth patterns. Materials and methods: A total of 150 samples were selected. The sample selected for the study ranged in the age group from 18 to 24 years. Individual were subjected to radiographs (lateral cephalograms) and various eye tests. The subjects were divided into horizontal, average, and vertical growth patterns on the basis of the Go-Gn-SN angle. Results: Positive correlation was found between visual acuity and mandibular plane angle among the average growth pattern, and negative correlation was found between visual acuity and mandibular plane angle among the horizontal growth pattern. So, the present study concludes that there is a correlation between the human eye variables and the growth patterns, and thus malocclusion can be anticipated on this basis..


PDF Share
  1. Simpson TI, Price DJ. Pax6; a pleiotropic player in development. Bioessays 2002;24(11):1041–1051. DOI: 10.1002/bies.10174.
  2. Lei H, Liu H, et al. Immunohistochemical localization of Pax6 in the developing tooth germ of mice. J Mol Histol 2014;45(4):373–379. DOI: 10.1007/s10735-014-9564-5.
  3. Grover N, Kapoor DN, et al. Smile analysis in different facial patterns and its correlation with underlying hard tissues. Prog Orthod 2015;16(1):28. DOI: 10.1186/s40510-015-0099-4.
  4. Wu PC, Chen YJ, et al. Assessment of macular retinal thickness and volume in normal eyes and highly myopic eyes with third–generation optical coherence tomography. Eye 2008;22(4):551–555. DOI: 10.1038/sj.eye.6702789.
  5. Mashige KP. A review of corneal diameter, curvature and thickness values and influencing factors. African Vision and Eye Health 2013;72(4):185–194. DOI: 10.4102/aveh.v72i4.58.
  6. Eballe AO, Koki G, et al. Central corneal thickness and intraocular pressure in the Cameroonian nonglaucomatous population. Clin Ophthalmol 2010;4:717. DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S10575.
  7. Wilson LB, Quinn GE, et al. The relation of axial length and intraocular pressure fluctuations in human eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2006;47(5):1778–1784. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.05-0869.
  8. Paunescu LA, Schuman JS, et al. Reproducibility of nerve fiber thickness, macular thickness, and optic nerve head measurements using Stratus OCT. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2004;45(6):1716–1724. DOI: 10.1167/iovs.03-0514.
  9. Sadler TW. Langman's Med embryology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011 Dec 15.
  10. Silvestrini–Biavati A, Migliorati M, et al. Clinical association between teeth malocclusions, wrong posture and ocular convergence disorders: an epidemiological investigation on primary school children. BMC pediatrics 2013;13(1):12. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-13-12.
  11. Lin SY, White GE. Mandibular position and head posture as a function of eye dominance. J Clin Pediat Dent 1996;20(2):133–140.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.