Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2018 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prevalence of Psychiatric Morbidity in Renal Recipient Candidates: A Tertiary Care Hospital-based Study

Geetika Chopra, Vikas Gaur, Gaurav Purohit

Keywords : Psychiatric morbidity, Psychopathology, Renal recipients,ESRD

Citation Information : Chopra G, Gaur V, Purohit G. Prevalence of Psychiatric Morbidity in Renal Recipient Candidates: A Tertiary Care Hospital-based Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2018; 3 (1):31-33.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0063

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective: To assess prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in patients suffering from end stage renal disease and undergoing evaluation for renal transplant Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 45 patients with ESRD who were seeking renal transplant and undergoing pre-transplantation evaluation process. General health questionnaire (GHQ-12) was applied to detect any psychopathology in participants and final diagnosis was made on the basis of ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. The data thus generated was subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. Results: Out of the 45 patients, 77.78 % had psychiatric morbidity. The most common diagnosis amongst the participants was depressive disorder) (20%), followed by adjustment disorder (17.78%), generalized anxiety disorder (15.56%), dysthymia (13.33%), panic disorder (8.9%) and OCD (2.22%). Conclusion: Early diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric comorbidity in these patients can have significant positive impact on outcome of renal transplantation.


PDF Share
  1. Coresh J, Selvin E, Stevens LA, Manzi J, Kusek JW, Eggers P, et al. Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States. Jama 2007;298(17):2038-2047.
  2. Modi G, Jha V. Incidence of ESRD in India. Kidney International 2011;79(5):573.
  3. Singh P, Bhandari M. Renal replacement therapy options from an Indian perspective: Dialysis versus transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings 2004;36(7):2013–2014.
  4. Modi G, Jha V. The incidence of end-stage renal disease in India: A population-based study. Kidney International 2006;70(12):2131–2133.
  5. Schulz KH, Kroencke S. Psychosocial challenges before and after organ transplantation. Transplant Research and Risk Management 2015; 7: 45-58
  6. Heinrich TW, Marcangelo M. Psychiatric Issues in Solid Organ Transplantation. Harvard Review of Psychiatry 2009;17(6):398–406.
  7. Naqvi R. Evaluation of psychiatric issues in renal transplant setting. Indian Journal of Nephrology 2015;25(6):321.
  8. Kalman TP, Wilson PG, Kalman CM.Morbidity and mortality of long-term haemodialysis versus renal transplantation.1983; 33(2):91–95
  9. Harrison TR. Principles of internal medicine. McGraw Hill companies. 2005: 1668–1674.
  10. Tanriverdi N, Özçürümez G, Colak T, Dürü C, Emiroğlu R, Zileli L, Haberal M. Quality of life and mood in renal transplantation recipients, donors, and controls: preliminary report. In Transplantation proceedings 2004 Jan 1 (Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 117-119). Elsevier.
  11. Zarifian A. Symptom occurrence, symptom distress, and quality of life in renal transplant recipients. Nephrology Nursing Journal. 2006 Nov 1;33(6).
  12. Garg PP, Furth SL, Fivush BA, Powe NR. Impact of gender on access to the renal transplant waiting list for pediatric and adult patients. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 2000 May 1;11(5):958-964.
  13. Goh ZS, Griva K. Anxiety and depression in patients with end-stage renal disease: impact and management challenges - a narrative review. Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2018;11:93–102.
  14. Tavallaii SA, Lankarani MM. Improved mental health status in the first 2 weeks after kidney transplantation. In Transplantation proceedings 2005 Sep 1 (Vol. 37, No. 7, pp. 3001-3003). Elsevier.
  15. Haq I, Zainulabdin F, Naqvi A, et al: Psychosocial aspects ofdialysis and renal transplant. J Pak Med Assoc 41:99, 1991
  16. Müller HH, Englbrecht M, Wiesener MS, Titze S, Heller K, Groemer TW, et al. Depression, Anxiety, Resilience and Coping Pre and Post Kidney Transplantation – Initial Findings from the Psychiatric Impairments in Kidney Transplantation (PI-KT)-Study. Plos One 2015;10(11).
  17. Petrie K. Psychological well-being and psychiatric disturbance in dialysis and renal transplant patients. British Journal of Medical Psychology. 1989 Mar;62(1):91-916.
  18. Lyros E, Messinis L, Dendias G, Siavelis C, Triantafyllou A, Papathanasopoulos P. Increased Self-Report of Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors Among Hemodialysis Patients: A Case-Control Study. Primary care companion to the Journal of clinical psychiatry. 2010;12(3).
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.