Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( September-December, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning

RC Gupta, Aparna Garg, Manisha Sankhla

Citation Information : Gupta R, Garg A, Sankhla M. To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016; 1 (2):58-63.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0014

Published Online: 01-12-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

Academic demands of medical students are quite high. Learning styles may be classified into four major sensory modalities—visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic, that one most prefers to use when internalizing information.

Objectives

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the gender differences in learning style modalities among the First Year Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning.

Methodology

Total 243 first year students of various medical courses (135 MBBS, 56 BDS, and 52 BPT) attending lectures in the Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan were included for the project. Learning style preference was identified using the visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic (VARK) online inventory developed by Fleming, 1992. A questionnaire was filled by the students which included their demographic profile, medical science stream and preferred sensory modality of instruction.

Findings

Learning style of the students of various medical courses showed a statistically significant difference according to VARK questionnaire (p < 0.0001). Within the group, based on VARK, the preferred Sensory Modality was kinesthetic in MBBS, BDS and BPT students. On the basis Preferred Sensory Mode, kinesthetic was the preferred mode in MBBS, BDS and visual mode amongst BPT students. The most common pattern of learning was bimodal in male and female students of the various medical courses.

Conclusion

Present findings suggest that kinesthetic was the preferred learning style by both individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, and was found to be statistically significant among the students of medical and allied sciences. The gender differences when evaluated for both the individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, it was found to have a predilection for the kinesthetic mode in both the male as well as female students.

How to cite this article

Garg A, Sankhla M, Gupta RC. To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):58-63.


PDF Share
  1. Learning style preferences of preclinical medical students in a Malaysian University. South East Asian Journal of Medical Education, 2013; 7(1):22-30.
  2. Life Circles, Inc. Learning Styles (online). http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/learningstyles.htm [2007].
  3. First year medical students prefer multiple learning styles. Adv Physiol Educ 2006;30:13-16.
  4. Learning styles: implications for distance learning. New Dir Adult Contin Educ 1995;67:19-32.
  5. I'm different, not dumb. Modes of presentation (VARK) in the tertiary classroom. In: Research and Development in Higher Education, edited by Zelmer A. Proceedings of the 1995 Annual Conference of the Higher Education and Research Development Society of Australasia 1995;18:308-313.
  6. Evaluation of learning style for first year medical students. International Journal for the scholarship of teaching and learning. 2009;3(1):1-15.
  7. A comparison between learning style preferences and sex, status, and course performance. Adv Physiol Educ 2010;34:197-204.
  8. Gender differences in learning style preferences among undergraduate physiology students. Adv Physiol Educ 2007;31:153-157.
  9. How do male and female students approach learning at NUS? CDTLbrief 2004;7:1-3.
  10. VARK: A Guide to Learning Styles (online) http://www.vark-learn.com/english/p_questionnaire [2007].
  11. Predominant learning styles adopted by AIMST university students in Malaysia. South East Asian Journal of Medical Education 2009;3:37-46.
  12. Comparative analysis of instructional learning preferences of Medical students of first and seventh semester. International Journal of Physiology 2013;1(1):32-36.
  13. Learning styles among the first year dental students. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research 2013;3:22-28.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.