Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( September-December, 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Poor Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Pharmacovigilance among Health Care Professionals: A Cross-sectional Study

Rajaat Vohra, Anusha Vohra, Meghna Verma

Citation Information : Vohra R, Vohra A, Verma M. Poor Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Pharmacovigilance among Health Care Professionals: A Cross-sectional Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016; 1 (2):42-46.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0011

Published Online: 01-12-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background

As the number of drugs available in the market are increasing, there arises a need to detect their adverse drug reactions and report them on time so that further harm can be avoided. The level of underreporting of adverse drug reactions is very high. Therefore, present study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pharmacovigilance among the various health care professionals and suggest ways to improve them.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional survey was done on 215 health care personnels working in a medical college in Jaipur. They were subjected to KAP questionnaire consisted of knowledge, attitude and practice based questions, designed specifically to assess the awareness about pharmacovigilance.

Results and conclusion

The mean KAP scores of physicians were found to be 5.75, 4.44 and 1.75 respectively. The KAP score of postgraduate students was 5.5, 4.25 and 1.5 respectively. The KAP score of final year MBBS students was 5, 3.4, and 1.4 respectively, and that of interns was 4, 4.2 and 1.4 respectively. The KAP score of pharmacists was 3.5, 2 and 1 respectively, and that of nurses was 2.75, 2.25 and 0.8 respectively. It was found that mean score of physicians and postgraduate students was higher than interns and final year MBBS and much higher than nurses and pharmacists. Still they all fall under the poor score range to unsatisfactory score range which suggest that there is an urgent need for ongoing educational programs to train health care professionals about pharmacovigilance.

How to cite this article

Vohra A, Vohra R, Verma M. Poor Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Pharmacovigilance among Health Care Professionals: A Cross-sectional Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):42-46.


PDF Share
  1. United Nation: 2002. pp. 52.
  2. Pharmacists' attitudes toward adverse drug reaction reporting in Hong Kong. Ann pharmacother 1994 Dec; 28(12):1400-1403.
  3. The epidemiology of preventable adverse drug events: a review of literature. Wien Klin Wochenschr 2003 Jul; 115(12):407-415.
  4. Evaluation of outpatient adverse drug reactions leading to hospitalization. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2003 Feb 1;60(3):253-259.
  5. Adverse drug event monitoring at the Food and Drug Administration. J Gen Intern Med 2003 Jan; 18(1):57-60.
  6. Adverse drug event surveillance and drug withdrawals in the United States, 1969-2002:the importance of reporting suspected reactions. Arch Intern Med 2005 Jun; 165(12):1363-1369.
  7. Under-reporting of adverse drug reactions: a systematic review. Drug Saf 2006;29(5):385-396.
  8. Under- reporting of adverse drug reactions in general practice. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1997 Feb; 43(2):177-181.
  9. Adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance: knowledge, attitudes and perceptions among the resident doctors. J Pharm Sci Res 2011;3(2):1064-1069.
  10. Knowledge on the adverse drug reactions and the pharmacovigilance activity among the undergraduate medical students of Gujarat. Int J Pharma Sci Res 2012;3(5):1511-1515.
  11. Adverse drug reaction monitoring: the knowledge, attitude and the practices of the medical students and the prescribers. Natl Med J India 2002 Jan-Feb; 15(1):24-26.
  12. An evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and the practice of adverse drug reaction reporting among the prescribers at a tertiary care hospital. Perspect Clin Res 2011 Oct-Dec; 2(4):129-136.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.