Journal of Mahatma Gandhi University of Medical Sciences and Technology

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( May-August, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Sleep Patterns of Urban and Rural School-going Adolescents

Nitin Trivedi, Munish Kumar Kakkar, Divya Bohra, Jitendra Gupta, Yashu Saini

Citation Information : Trivedi N, Kakkar MK, Bohra D, Gupta J, Saini Y. Sleep Patterns of Urban and Rural School-going Adolescents. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016; 1 (1):20-23.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0005

Published Online: 01-08-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).



To analyze the variance in sleep habits of adolescents (10—18 years) in urban and rural Rajasthan. Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.

Setting: Community based school survey in an urban and a rural setting.

Subjects: School-going adolescents 10 to 18 years.

Materials and methods

A total of 565 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years were included. The questionnaire contained questions related to sleep habits. Each question was explained to the participants and their responses were noted. Outcome parameters were total sleep time.


Out of 585 adolescents, 285 were residing in urban areas while 280 from rural areas. Total 43.3% adolescent were using bedroom for sleep only without any significant difference in rural and urban area. Alcohol consumption was seen in urban area only (n = 6) and mainly by 10 to 15 year age group. Urban adolescents on week days spend 7.15 hours of sleep while on week ends they spend 9.2 hours while In rural area week days sleep was 6.34 hours while at week ends it was 6.64 hours. So surprisingly sleep deprivation was more in rural area and there was not much variation in total sleep time in rural area on weekdays or weekend.

How to cite this article

Kakkar MK, Bohra D, Trivedi N, Gupta J, Saini Y. Sleep Patterns of Urban and Rural School- going Adolescents. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):20-23.

PDF Share
  1. Sleep patterns and sleep problems among schoolchildren in the United States and China. Pediatrics 2005;115(1 Suppl):241-249.
  2. Sleep problems of junior high school adolescents in Taipei. Sleep 1995;18(8):667-673.
  3. An epidemiologic study of selfreported sleep problems among Japanese adolescents. Sleep 2004;27(5):978-985.
  4. Age-related changes in sleep/wake patterns among Korean teenagers. Pediatrics 2005;115(1 Suppl):250-256.
  5. Pediatric Sleep Project. Ind Pediatrics 2011 Nov; 48(11):843-844.
  6. Understanding adolescents sleep patterns and school performance: a critical appraisal. Sleep Med Rev 2003;7(6):491-506.
  7. Recent worldwide sleep patterns and problems during adolescence: a review and meta-analysis of age, region, and sleep. Sleep Med 2011 Feb; 12(2):110-118.
  8. Sleep in adolescents: The Perfect Storm. Pediatr Cliri North Am 2011;58:637-647.
  9. Sleep patterns of urban school-going adolescents. Indian Pediatr 2008;45:183-189.
  10. National sleep foundation Sleep In America Poll Summary Findings. 2006;126.
  11. Patterns of sleep and sleepiness in adolescents. Pediatrician 1990;17(1):512.
  12. Sleep duration from infancy to adolescents: reference values and generational trends. Pediatrics 2003;111(2):302-307.
  13. Sleep and adolescents. Do New Zealand teenagers get enough? J Paediatr Child Health. 2006;42(9):515-520.
  14. Sleep behavior of South African adolescents. Sleep. 2002;25(4):423-427.
  15. The impact of media use on sleep patterns and sleep disorders among school-aged children in China. Sleep 2007 Mar; 30(3):361-367.
  16. Sleep patterns and habits in high school students in Iran. Ann Gen Psychiatry 2008 Mar; 7:5.
  17. Gender differences in sleep patterns in early adolescents. J Adolescents Health 1999 Jan; 24(1):16-20.
  18. Prevalence of susbtance use among male adolescents in an urban slum area of Karimnagar district, Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Public Health 2011 Jan-Mar; 55(1):42-45.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.