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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  CASE REPORT
Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Gingival Overgrowth
CG Devaraj, Ashish Yadav, Swati Sharma, Meenakshi Meena, Kriti Goyal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:47-50] [No of Hits : 538]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0033 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction and objectives: Chronic inflammatory gingival enlargement also called as chronic hyperplastic gingivitis is an enlargement of the gingiva as a result of chronic inflammation due to local or systemic factors; most important local factor appears to be the dental plaque and calculus. This case report aimed to present the clinical, histopathological features and treatment of inflammatory gingival enlargement which disturbed the esthetics and masticatory function of the patient.

Materials and methods: A 34-year-old male patient reported with a chief complaint of swelling and bleeding in the gums of teeth in maxillary and mandibular anterior region. The enlargement was firm and fibrotic accompanied by an inflammatory component probably due to inability to maintain adequate personal oral hygiene. Periodontal surgical therapy was performed for good esthetic outcome.

Results and interpretation: No recurrence was reported 6 months postsurgery. The importance of patient motivation and compliance during and after therapy as a critical factor in the success of treatment has also been highlighted through this case report.

Conclusion: Gingival overgrowth interferes with mastication and speech of the patient. A thorough diagnosis and treatment planning is essential.

Keywords: Inflammation, Gingival overgrowth, Gingival Diseasen, Gingivectomy

How to cite this article: Devaraj CG, Yadav A, Sharma S, Meena M, Goyal K. Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Gingival Overgrowth. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):47-50.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
A Study to evaluate the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program regarding Prevention of Renal Calculi in Terms of Knowledge and Dietary Pattern of Primary School Teachers of Moodabidri, Dakshina Kannada District
Giriraj Prasad Soni
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:55-57] [No of Hits : 832]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0013 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A renal calculus is a painful condition. Renal calculi occur in up to 15% population. The incidence of calculi is 100 to 400 out of 1,00,000 people from a renal calculi every year. Dietary practice of the individuals has a direct influence over the stone formation. Change in dietary habits and lifestyle are suggested to contribute markedly to the rise in the prevalence and incidence of urolithiasis.

Materials and methods: An evaluative approach with one group pretest design was adopted in order to evaluate effectiveness of planned teaching program on prevention of renal calculi and dietary practice among primary school teachers in Moodbidri. The conceptual framework adopted for the study was based on modified Rosen stocks health belief model. Convenient sampling was used to select the sample for the study. Data collected from the sample were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The final sample size was 70.

Results: Majority of samples belonged to age group 20 to 30 years (54.28%), female (62.85%), D.Ed. students (64.28%), married (60%), hindu background (62.85%), teaching experience below 10 years (65.71%), source of health-related information by books (48.57%) and mixed diet (61.42%).
• There was significant difference between pretest and posttest knowledge scores (t69 = 36.46, p < 0.05 significant)
• There was no significant association between pretest knowledge and selected demographic variables age (x2 = 1.33, p > 0.05), sex (x2 = 0.568, p > 0.05), religion (x2 = 0.843, p > 0.05), diet (x2 = 0.003, p > 0.05).
• There was a significant difference between pretest and posttest dietary practice scores (t69 = 32.27, p < 0.05, significant).

Conclusion: The findings of the study show that the planned teaching program was effective in all the areas in improving the knowledge and dietary practice of primary school teachers and, thus, reduced complication. It also helped them to take self responsibility for their own health.

Keywords: Food habits, Minerals, Occupational exposure, Renal calculi and its prevention, Stone formation, Urinary system.

How to cite this article: Soni GP. A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program Regarding Prevention of Renal Calculi in Terms of Knowledge and Dietary Pattern of Primary School Teachers of Moodabidri, Dakshina Kannada District. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):55-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning
Aparna Garg, Manisha Sankhla, RC Gupta
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:58-63] [No of Hits : 662]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0014 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Academic demands of medical students are quite high. Learning styles may be classified into four major sensory modalities—visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic, that one most prefers to use when internalizing information.

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the gender differences in learning style modalities among the First Year Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning.

Methodology: Total 243 first year students of various medical courses (135 MBBS, 56 BDS, and 52 BPT) attending lectures in the Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan were included for the project. Learning style preference was identified using the visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic (VARK) online inventory developed by Fleming, 1992. A questionnaire was filled by the students which included their demographic profile, medical science stream and preferred sensory modality of instruction.

Findings: Learning style of the students of various medical courses showed a statistically significant difference according to VARK questionnaire (p < 0.0001). Within the group, based on VARK, the preferred Sensory Modality was kinesthetic in MBBS, BDS and BPT students. On the basis Preferred Sensory Mode, kinesthetic was the preferred mode in MBBS, BDS and visual mode amongst BPT students. The most common pattern of learning was bimodal in male and female students of the various medical courses.

Conclusion: Present findings suggest that kinesthetic was the preferred learning style by both individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, and was found to be statistically significant among the students of medical and allied sciences. The gender differences when evaluated for both the individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, it was found to have a predilection for the kinesthetic mode in both the male as well as female students.

Keywords: Auditory, Kinesthetic, Learning modes, Learning style preferences, Visual, Read-write.

How to cite this article: Garg A, Sankhla M, Gupta RC. To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):58-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Comparison of Implantation Rates in Ultrasound-guided vs Clinical Touch Embryo Transfer
Manvi Jindal, ML Swarankar, Swati Garg, Urvashi Sharma
[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:10-14] [No of Hits : 517]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aims: The present study was conducted in the fertility unit of a medical college to compare the implantation rate of embryo in ultrasound-guided vs clinical touch method of embryo transfer. Today, approximately 80% of women undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) will reach the embryo transfer stage with good quality embryos. Traditionally, the ‘clinical touch’ method has been used to guide placement of the embryo transfer. The use of ultrasound to guide embryo transfer would allow accurate and atraumatic positioning of the catheter tip near the uterine fundus.

Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted at fertility center of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital. A total 100 patients requiring IVF, from a period of July 2011–July 2013 were taken into the study. A total of 50 patients were subjected to USG-guided embryo transfer and 50 patients were subjected to clinical touch embryo transfer. Detailed patient history, clinical examination, relevant investigation and details of procedure were entered in a prestructured proforma. The data were entered and analyzed in Microsoft Office Excel.

Results: There was a significant improvement in the implantation rates in the USG-guided group (31.9%) as compared to clinical touch group (24.3%). There was also a significant improvement in the pregnancy rates in the USG-guided group (40%) as compared to the clinical touch group (28%). Compared with the traditional clinical touch method, the abdominal ultrasound-guided embryo transfer was found to have a number of advantages.

Keywords: Clinical touch embryo transfer, In vitro fertilization, Ultrasound-guided embryo transfer.

How to cite this article: Jindal M, Swarankar ML, Garg S, Sharma U. Comparison of Implantation Rates in Ultrasoundguided vs Clinical Touch Embryo Transfer. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):10-14.

Source of support: None

Conflict of interest: Nil

 
5.  CASE REPORT
Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge
Avneet Kaur, Narendra Padiyar, Pragati Kaurani, Sudhir Meena, Devendra Pal Singh Chhonkar, Aditi Sarawgi
[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:35-38] [No of Hits : 504]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0009 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The neutral zone technique is an alternative approach for the construction of the complete dentures. It is most effective for cases where there is a highly atrophic ridge. The technique aims to construct a denture, i.e., shaped by muscle function and is in harmony with the surrounding oral structures. This clinical report describes the fabrication of complete dentures for a patient with poorly formed mandibular ridges.

Keywords: Denture stability, Neutral zone, Resorbed ridge.

How to cite this article: Kaur A, Padiyar N, Kaurani P, Meena S, Chhonkar DPS, Sarawgi A. Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):35-38.

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Smile Design with All Ceramic Veneers
Dileep Soni, Deepak Raisingani, Ashwani B Prasad, Prachi Mital, Harshit Srivastava, Abhilasha Dixit
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:51-54] [No of Hits : 342]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0034 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The use of porcelain laminate veneers to solve esthetic and/or functional problems has been shown to be a valid management option, especially in the anterior esthetic zone. In cases when patients decline orthodontic treatment, adhesively bonded porcelain veneers are a reliable treatment option to modify the appearance of tooth position and form, to close diastema or cervical embrasures, or to change the tooth shade. Porcelain veneers are one of the best corrective options available considering biological, functional, mechanical, and esthetic points of view. The present case report is about discolored anterior teeth in a healthy dentition by means of sectional porcelain veneers simply cemented onto the natural teeth and with minimal tooth preparation.

Keywords: Esthetics, Porcelain veneers, Smile design.

How to cite this article: Soni D, Raisingani D, Prasad AB, Mital P, Srivastava H, Dixit A. Smile Design with All Ceramic Veneers. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):51-54.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Quality of Life in Patients with Epilepsy: Study from a Northern Indian Teaching Hospital
RK Sureka, Kuldeep S Yadav, Rishika Agrawal, Madhu Nijhawan
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:10-13] [No of Hits : 309]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0023 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Epilepsy is a significant public health problem in the world today. The social stigma and impact on quality of life (QOL) may pose a bigger challenge than the clinical severity. In India, there are not many studies using quality of life in epilepsy (QOLIE-31) questionnaire to study the QOL in epileptic patients. This study may be useful in planning the management of patients with epilepsy. So, our study was conducted to determine the level of health-related QOL (HRQOL) of patients with epilepsy in a teaching hospital.

Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional, questionnaire- based study conducted in a teaching hospital from March to October 2015. The subjects included both male and female adults of at least 18 years of age with a diagnosis of epilepsy, which was present for minimum 1 year. The QOLIE- 31 was used for collecting data on HRQOL.

Results: Totally, 70 patients with epilepsy were included in the study. The standard deviation (mean) total score of QOLIE- 31 in our study was 60.46. There was a significant difference in the total score of QOLIE-31 within the monotherapy and polytherapy group as the total score of QOLIE-31 was better in monotherapy group as compared with polytherapy group.

Conclusion: The study revealed that patients who were on a single drug (monotherapy) had a much better QOL than the patients on more than one drug (polytherapy).

Keywords: Monotherapy, Polytherapy, Quality of life in epilepsy questionnaire, Seizure worry.

How to cite this article: Sureka RK, Yadav KS, Agrawal R, Nijhawan M. Quality of Life in Patients with Epilepsy: Study from a Northern Indian Teaching Hospital. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):10-13.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
To find the Efficacy of Therapeutic Laser for Piriformis Syndrome
Surendra Ojha, Chandan Jailiya
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:14-17] [No of Hits : 280]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0024 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Excessive static and dynamic muscle work/ action of the piriformis causes Piriformis syndrome (PS). The sciatic nerve runs on bilateral side of posterior hip or thigh just closed to piriformis muscles or sometimes just passes through it. In case of PS, patients feel sharp radiating pain and paresthesia and muscle weakness in lower quadrants of limbs including low back, hip, and ankle.

Aims and objectives: The aim of the study was to compare and observe the effect of light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (LASER) therapy and ultrasound therapy in case of PS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of laser therapy for the physiotherapy rehabilitation to restore range of motion (ROM) of lower limb and decrease pain and disability in PS.

Materials and methods: Thirty patients were taken for this study. The mean age in group I and group II were 28.2 ± 5.116 and 29.93 ± 4.793 respectively, and the patients were referred from orthopedic outpatient physiotherapy department of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. The duration of study was of 3 weeks. Baseline measurements of pain intensity, lower extremity functional disability, and ROM of all the subjects were measured using the visual analog scale (VAS), Lower Extremity Functional Scale, and goniometer respectively, and recorded as per test data for statistical analysis.

Results and conclusion: The results have shown that clinically there is a significant difference in the subjects treated with low-level laser and ultrasound efficient in treating pain, ROM, and function in subjects with PS. Between-the-group comparison of values of VAS readings for pain was found to be statistically significant (0.0001) for ROM, but was not found statistically significant for function.

Keywords: External rotation, Functional lower extremity scale, Laser, Lower limb, Piriformis syndrome, Range of motion, Visual analog scale.

How to cite this article: Ojha S, Jailiya C. To find the Efficacy of Therapeutic Laser for Piriformis Syndrome. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):14-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Association of Hyperuricemia and Urinary Albumin Excretion with Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus
Bushra Fiza, Jai P Yogi, Jaishree Choudhary, Anita Semar, Maheep Sinha
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:1-6] [No of Hits : 252]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0021 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common endocrine disorder and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality across the world. Long-standing diabetes and a poor glycemic control are the major factors which contribute to the development of various microvascular complications of diabetes. Microvascular changes in kidneys lead to microalbuminuria, which may further lead to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) if left untreated. Elevated serum uric acid level has been recognized as a marker of endothelial dysfunction which contributes to the development of microvascular changes in various organs. The main objective of the present study was to assess the association of serum uric acid and urine microalbumin levels with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in type II DM patients. One hundred diagnosed cases of type II DM were enrolled for the study. Blood samples were collected and estimated for fasting blood sugar, serum uric acid, and HbA1c. Also, 24-hour urine samples were collected and analyzed for microalbumin. A positive association (r = 0.203) was observed between HbA1c and serum uric acid. The study also suggested a positive association between glycemic control and microalbuminuria (r = 0.237) in diabetic patients. A strong positive association was also observed between uric acid and urine microalbumin levels (r = 0.338). Findings of the study, therefore, recommend that development of microvascular complications in type II DM patients can be averted by adopting dietary control and healthy lifestyle changes. Strict glycemic control and lowering of serum uric acid levels can be helpful in minimizing the risk of developing nephropathy and its progression toward ESRD.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Glycemic control, Glycosylated hemoglobin, Microalbuminuria, Nephropathy, Uric acid.

How to cite this article: Fiza B, Yogi JP, Choudhary J, Semar A, Sinha M. Association of Hyperuricemia and Urinary Albumin Excretion with Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):1-6.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Premenstrual Syndrome: Correlation and Functional Impairment
Murlidhar Swami, Mona Narain, Krishna Kanwal, Mahesh Mishra, Shubhangi Singh
[Year:2017] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:54] [Pages No:18-22] [No of Hits : 204]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0025 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and its more severe form “premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)” is a common yet underdiagnosed disorder. It is characterized by anxiety, mood changes, and several somatic symptoms in the last week of the luteal phase and began to remit within a few days after the onset of the follicular phase.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PMS and PMDD among females at a tertiary care center and evaluate the associated symptomatology, sociodemographic variables, and functional impairment.

Materials and methods: In an observational, cross-sectional study, 150 randomly selected females (18-30 years) were evaluated for menstrual history after sociodemographic profiling. Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV)-TR (SCID)-PMDD was applied among those who were positive on premenstrual symptoms screening tool. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 14.0.

Results: The prevalence of PMS was 21.33%. Moderate to severe PMS was 14% and PMDD was 7.33% according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Fatigue/lack of energy, decreased interest in work were the most commonly reported symptoms. Decreased school/work efficiency and productivity was the commonest form of functional impairment. Increased body mass index, onset of symptoms since menarche, duration of premenstrual symptoms, menstrual cramps, and family history showed statistically significant association with PMS/PMDD.

Conclusion: Premenstrual syndrome is fairly common and causes significant functional impairment. Screening females in relevant age group for its symptomatology may aid in early detection and better management.

Keywords: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual symptom, Premenstrual syndrome.

How to cite this article: Swami M, Narain M, Kanwal K, Mishra M, Singh S. Premenstrual Syndrome: Correlation and Functional Impairment. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2017;2(1):18-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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