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1.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning
Aparna Garg, Manisha Sankhla, RC Gupta
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:58-63] [No of Hits : 42]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0014 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Academic demands of medical students are quite high. Learning styles may be classified into four major sensory modalities—visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic, that one most prefers to use when internalizing information.

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the gender differences in learning style modalities among the First Year Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning.

Methodology: Total 243 first year students of various medical courses (135 MBBS, 56 BDS, and 52 BPT) attending lectures in the Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan were included for the project. Learning style preference was identified using the visual, auditory, read-write and kinesthetic (VARK) online inventory developed by Fleming, 1992. A questionnaire was filled by the students which included their demographic profile, medical science stream and preferred sensory modality of instruction.

Findings: Learning style of the students of various medical courses showed a statistically significant difference according to VARK questionnaire (p < 0.0001). Within the group, based on VARK, the preferred Sensory Modality was kinesthetic in MBBS, BDS and BPT students. On the basis Preferred Sensory Mode, kinesthetic was the preferred mode in MBBS, BDS and visual mode amongst BPT students. The most common pattern of learning was bimodal in male and female students of the various medical courses.

Conclusion: Present findings suggest that kinesthetic was the preferred learning style by both individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, and was found to be statistically significant among the students of medical and allied sciences. The gender differences when evaluated for both the individual preferred sensory modality and VARK inventory tool, it was found to have a predilection for the kinesthetic mode in both the male as well as female students.

Keywords: Auditory, Kinesthetic, Learning modes, Learning style preferences, Visual, Read-write.

How to cite this article: Garg A, Sankhla M, Gupta RC. To evaluate the Gender Differences in Learning Style Modalities among the Undergraduate Students and their Preferred Mode of Learning. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):58-63.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
A Study to evaluate the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program regarding Prevention of Renal Calculi in Terms of Knowledge and Dietary Pattern of Primary School Teachers of Moodabidri, Dakshina Kannada District
Giriraj Prasad Soni
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:55-57] [No of Hits : 35]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0013 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A renal calculus is a painful condition. Renal calculi occur in up to 15% population. The incidence of calculi is 100 to 400 out of 1,00,000 people from a renal calculi every year. Dietary practice of the individuals has a direct influence over the stone formation. Change in dietary habits and lifestyle are suggested to contribute markedly to the rise in the prevalence and incidence of urolithiasis.

Materials and methods: An evaluative approach with one group pretest design was adopted in order to evaluate effectiveness of planned teaching program on prevention of renal calculi and dietary practice among primary school teachers in Moodbidri. The conceptual framework adopted for the study was based on modified Rosen stocks health belief model. Convenient sampling was used to select the sample for the study. Data collected from the sample were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The final sample size was 70.

Results: Majority of samples belonged to age group 20 to 30 years (54.28%), female (62.85%), D.Ed. students (64.28%), married (60%), hindu background (62.85%), teaching experience below 10 years (65.71%), source of health-related information by books (48.57%) and mixed diet (61.42%).
• There was significant difference between pretest and posttest knowledge scores (t69 = 36.46, p < 0.05 significant)
• There was no significant association between pretest knowledge and selected demographic variables age (x2 = 1.33, p > 0.05), sex (x2 = 0.568, p > 0.05), religion (x2 = 0.843, p > 0.05), diet (x2 = 0.003, p > 0.05).
• There was a significant difference between pretest and posttest dietary practice scores (t69 = 32.27, p < 0.05, significant).

Conclusion: The findings of the study show that the planned teaching program was effective in all the areas in improving the knowledge and dietary practice of primary school teachers and, thus, reduced complication. It also helped them to take self responsibility for their own health.

Keywords: Food habits, Minerals, Occupational exposure, Renal calculi and its prevention, Stone formation, Urinary system.

How to cite this article: Soni GP. A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Program Regarding Prevention of Renal Calculi in Terms of Knowledge and Dietary Pattern of Primary School Teachers of Moodabidri, Dakshina Kannada District. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):55-57.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
To evaluate and compare the Effectiveness of Sensorimotor Integration with that of Conventional Training for improving Balance and Gait in Stroke Hemiparesis: A Comparative Study
Gaurav Agarwal, Anjali Jain
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:47-54] [No of Hits : 34]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0012 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of sensorimotor integration with that of conventional training for improving balance and gait in stroke hemiparesis.

Materials and methods: The study design used for this research will be comparative study. Data will be taken from Mahatma Gandhi Hospital and Medical College, Jaipur and Mumbai.

Results: When both the groups were compared using unpaired t-test, sensorimotor group showed significant improvement in all outcome measures (p < 0.0001) except for MCTSIAB conditions 1 and 2 where the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Sensorimotor integration training is one of the novel treatment which can have a addictive effects along with the conventional training for balance.

Keywords: Balance and gait training, Sensorimotor integration.

How to cite this article: Agarwal G, Jain A. To evaluate and compare the Effectiveness of Sensorimotor Integration with that of Conventional Training for improving Balance and Gait in Stroke Hemiparesis: A Comparative Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):47-54.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  CASE REPORT
The Use of Diode Laser in Treatment of Oral Submucous Fibrosis
Ashish Soni, Sunil Sharma, Punit Chitlangia, Amit, Prateek Agarwal
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:79-81] [No of Hits : 34]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0020 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an established precancerous condition with increased prevalence in the Indian subcontinent. The treatment of OSMF is a challenging task for a clinician. Different authors have suggested variety of treatment modalities and have claimed success rates; still there is no universally acceptable protocol for the management of OSMF. In our case, transaction of bands was done by contact diode lasers (12 watt) under local anesthesia and it offered good results. Diode lasers offered excellent results and had many advantages over conventional surgical treatment.

Keywords: Diode laser, Local anesthesia, Oral submucous fibrosis.

How to cite this article: Soni A, Sharma S, Chitlangia P, Amit, Agarwal P. The Use of Diode Laser in Treatment of Oral Submucous Fibrosis. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):79-81.

 
5.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Poor Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Pharmacovigilance among Health Care Professionals: A Cross-sectional Study
Anusha Vohra, Rajaat Vohra, Meghna Verma
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:42-46] [No of Hits : 33]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0011 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: As the number of drugs available in the market are increasing, there arises a need to detect their adverse drug reactions and report them on time so that further harm can be avoided. The level of underreporting of adverse drug reactions is very high. Therefore, present study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pharmacovigilance among the various health care professionals and suggest ways to improve them.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was done on 215 health care personnels working in a medical college in Jaipur. They were subjected to KAP questionnaire consisted of knowledge, attitude and practice based questions, designed specifically to assess the awareness about pharmacovigilance.

Results and conclusion: The mean KAP scores of physicians were found to be 5.75, 4.44 and 1.75 respectively. The KAP score of postgraduate students was 5.5, 4.25 and 1.5 respectively. The KAP score of final year MBBS students was 5, 3.4, and 1.4 respectively, and that of interns was 4, 4.2 and 1.4 respectively. The KAP score of pharmacists was 3.5, 2 and 1 respectively, and that of nurses was 2.75, 2.25 and 0.8 respectively. It was found that mean score of physicians and postgraduate students was higher than interns and final year MBBS and much higher than nurses and pharmacists. Still they all fall under the poor score range to unsatisfactory score range which suggest that there is an urgent need for ongoing educational programs to train health care professionals about pharmacovigilance.

Keywords: Health care professionals, KAP, Pharmacovigilance.

How to cite this article: Vohra A, Vohra R, Verma M. Poor Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Pharmacovigilance among Health Care Professionals: A Cross-sectional Study. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):42-46.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  CASE REPORT
Palatoradicular Groove Associated Defect Resolved with GIC, Alloplastic Graft and GTR Membrane
CG Devaraj, Ashish Yadav, Swati Sharma, Meenakshi Meena, Pulak Mishra, Sonia Godara, Radhika Kapoor
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:75-78] [No of Hits : 28]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0019 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The region of maxillary lateral incisor is an area of embryological importance with major and minor malformations like, gemination, fusion, cysts, dens in dente, peg-shaped laterals, talon cusps, supernumerary roots, and palatogingival groove (PGG). Palatogingival groove is a developmental groove usually found on the lingual aspect of maxillary incisors. It can be simple or complex on the basis of its connection to the pulp. These grooves act as a nidus for plaque accumulation which destroys the sulcular epithelium and later deeper parts of the periodontium. Since proper cleaning of this region is difficult by patient himself, it can lead to serious localized periodontal lesion or can communicate with endodontic lesion. Suggested treatment modalities are curettage of the affected tissues, elimination of the groove by grinding (saucerization), or by sealing with a variety of filling materials. If the groove extends beyond the middle.third of the root apex, surgical procedures are required, including use of barriers and intraosseous alloplastic graft to correct the defect.

Keywords: Developmental groove, Maxillary incisors, Palatogingival groove, Saucerization.

How to cite this article: Devaraj CG, Yadav A, Sharma S, Meena M, Mishra P, Godara S, Kapoor R. PalatoRadicular Groove Associated Defect Resolved with GIC, Alloplastic Graft and GTR Membrane. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):75-78.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  CASE REPORT
Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge
Avneet Kaur, Narendra Padiyar, Pragati Kaurani, Sudhir Meena, Devendra Pal Singh Chhonkar, Aditi Sarawgi
[Year:2016] [Month:May-August] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:38] [Pages No:35-38] [No of Hits : 25]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0009 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The neutral zone technique is an alternative approach for the construction of the complete dentures. It is most effective for cases where there is a highly atrophic ridge. The technique aims to construct a denture, i.e., shaped by muscle function and is in harmony with the surrounding oral structures. This clinical report describes the fabrication of complete dentures for a patient with poorly formed mandibular ridges.

Keywords: Denture stability, Neutral zone, Resorbed ridge.

How to cite this article: Kaur A, Padiyar N, Kaurani P, Meena S, Chhonkar DPS, Sarawgi A. Neutral Zone Technique for Rehabilitation of Resorbed Mandibular Ridge. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(1):35-38.

 
8.  SHORT COMMUNICATION
Professionalism as a part of Medical Curriculum: Need of the Hour
Siddharth P Dubhashi, GN Saxena, Saurabh Sharma
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:39-41] [No of Hits : 23]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0010 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Professionalism in medicine can be viewed as contact between the medical professional and the society. There are no established methods of teaching and valuating professionalism in the traditional medical curriculum. Inculcation of values of medical professionalism requires integration of value and behavior among faculty, non-teaching staff, postgraduate and undergraduate students. Teaching can be enhanced using experimental learning. Various methods include case-based learning, hidden curriculum, role plays, peer-assisted learning. Medical teachers act as role models for students. Assessment should foster an environment for change. There should be an effective feedback and an opportunity for continuous improvement.

Keywords: Experimental learning, Feedback, Professionalism, Role modeling.

How to cite this article: Dubhashi SP, Saxena GN, Sharma S. Professionalism as a part of Medical Curriculum: Need of the Hour. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):39-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  CASE REPORT
Eugenol Hypersensitivity in Pediatric Dental Patient: A Rare Case Report
Ankita Beniwal, Shefali Chaturvedi, Tanmay Bhatt, Asmita Sharma, Anant Gopal Nigam
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:68-70] [No of Hits : 21]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0017 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Eugenol is a phenolic compound commonly used in dentistry as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug. Zinc oxide eugenol is an important root canal filling material in primary teeth with excellent documented success. Its cytotoxic effect is documented in some cases due to production of zinc eugenolate which is highly unstable and induces type IV hypersensitivity reactions and even generalized anaphylactic symptoms. But, the case reports documenting immediate hypersensitivity reaction to eugenol are very rare. This was a case of type I immediate hypersensitivity reaction to eugenol in a 3 years old pediatric patient. During the full mouth rehabilitation under general anesthesia, hard indurated swelling of lower lip was observed at the time of obturation of mandibular primary teeth. The procedure was stopped immediately suspecting an allergic response which was later confirmed to be eugenol allergy by patch test. Hence, it is important to evaluate all local allergies even if the patient fails to report allergy history.

Keywords: Allergy, General anesthesia, Zinc oxide eugenol.

How to cite this article: Beniwal A, Chaturvedi S, Bhatt T, Sharma A, Nigam AG. Eugenol Hypersensitivity in Pediatric Dental Patient: A Rare Case Report. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):68-70.

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Inguinal Herniation of Urinary Bladder
Siddharth P Dubhashi, Ratnesh Jenaw
[Year:2016] [Month:September-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:42] [Pages No:66-67] [No of Hits : 19]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10057-0016 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Urinary bladder hernia is evident into 1 to 3% of inguinal hernias. About 7% of bladder hernias are diagnosed preoperatively. The herniation of the bladder occurs in an acquired direct inguinal hernia with the bladder setting into the hernia along with the peritoneal sheath. This is a report of an elderly male with a para-peritoneal vesical hernia. This is a rare condition requiring a high index of suspicion to prevent complications like urinary tract infection, obstruction and incarceration of bladder wall.

Keywords: Elderly males, Inguinal, Para-peritoneal, Urinary complaints, Vesical hernia.

How to cite this article: Dubhashi SP, Jenaw R. Inguinal Herniation of Urinary Bladder. J Mahatma Gandhi Univ Med Sci Tech 2016;1(2):66-67.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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